Sunday, May 10, 2020

Racism, Sexism, By Harper Lee And Kill A Mockingbird

â€Å"I have plowed and reaped and husked and chopped and mowed, and can any man do more than that?† (Sojourner Truth) Truer words were never spoken in 1851 and in 2016 as well. Gender should not affect the way others view women, but in a city like Chicago, where 87% of women between the ages of 16-64 have personally experienced sexual harassment by a male stranger, sexism is still clearly an issue today. Our research and classic readings in our HWOC class suggest that women are often perceived as being lesser and are treated differently than men in the arts, in sports, at the office, and on the streets. This cultural mindset needs to change if sexism is to remain only on the pages of classic literature and be erased from local communities and modern society. In our HWOC class, there were a great deal of references to sexism in the major works we studied. In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout’s older brother Jem says, â€Å"‘Scout, I m tellin you for the last time, shut your trap or go home—I declare to the Lord you re gettin more like a girl every day!’ (24) His comment implies that being a girl is a bad thing, and that Scout is not allowed to play with them if she continues to act scared and â€Å"girly.† Jem believes having feminine qualities is unacceptable, whereas Walter, in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin In The Sun, believes that it’s okay if women want to be feminine, as long as they remain in their place. He tells his younger sister, Beneatha, â€Å"Who the hellShow MoreRelatedRacism, Sexism and Socioeconomic Prejudice in Harper Lees To Kill a Mockingbird828 Words   |  4 PagesThere are many different types of prejudice. The three that are most current in the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee are racism, sexism and socioeconomic prejudice. Racism is a big problem in many people’s lives. Throughout history, many groups and cultures have been significantly affected by racism. African Americans are an example of a group of people who have suffered the effects of racism. In 1867 the â€Å"Ku Klux Klan, was founded as a secret organization terrorized the African AmericansRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1695 Words   |  7 PagesIn To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee presents as a ‘tired old town’ where the inhabitants have ‘nowhere to go’ it is set in the 1930s when prejudices and racism were at a peak. Lee uses Maycomb town to highlight prejudices, racism, poverty and social inequality. In chapter 2 Lee presents the town of Maycomb to be poverty stricken, emphasised through the characterisation of Walter Cunningham. When it is discovered he has no lunch on the first day of school, Scout tries to explain the situation to MissRead MoreSummary Of Kill A Mockingbird 1645 Words   |  7 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird is told from the view of Jean Louise (Scout) Finch. It is through her we are introduced to the social injustice, racial prejudice and problems rife in Maycomb’s society. Through Lee’s use of characters, objects and events we see how these issues are permeated into society, and I will be delving into these and explaining how they present the town of Maycomb. In chapter 2 Lee presents the town of Maycomb to be poverty stricken, emphasised through the characterisation of WalterRead MoreRacism, Sexism, And Classism1188 Words   |  5 PagesMerlyn Manoj April 13, 2016 Period 2 Kale Then and Now: Changes of Racism, Sexism, and Classism In To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, Jem and Scout, the protagonists in the book, experience and learn about the problems of racism, sexism, and classism when their father, Atticus, agrees to defend Tom Robinson, an African American, in a trial. Set in the 1930s, most people were treated unfairly because of their race, gender, or social class. Even though problems about race, gender, and classRead MoreEssay about Maycomb Society in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee791 Words   |  4 PagesDiscuss Harper Lee’s Presentation of Maycomb Society in to Kill a Mockingbird Maycomb is described as a â€Å"tired old town† where the inhabitants had â€Å"nowhere to go†. Maycomb is very similar to any small southern town in the 1930’s, sexism, racism and other prejudices are at a peak, and old traditions are carried out regularly. To Kill a Mockingbird revolves solely around family, community and society, the focus point of the book, the rape trial, would not have occurred if society had notRead More Sexism, Prejudice, and Racism in Lees To Kill A Mockingbird2051 Words   |  9 PagesThroughout the book To Kill A Mockingbird Lee discusses the effects of ignorance and the toll it takes on people such as Tom Robinson, Boo Radley, Scout herself, and many more. Through her examples of sexism, prejudice, and racism, from the populist of poverty stricken Southerners, she shows the readers the injustice of many. The victims of ignorance are the ‘mockingbirds’ of the story. A good example of this injustice is the trial of Tom Robinson, who is falsely accused of raping a white girl andRead MoreThe Scottsboro Trials And Racial Prejudice1707 Words   |  7 Pagesreferring to Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird includes The Scottsboro Trials. Both stories uprise in the 1930s, displaying a white supremacist mindset, which two cases fall into the conviction of rape. The Scottsboro case started on a train to northern Alabama to southern Tennessee, when nine African American boys, ranging in ages from 13-19, allegedly raped two â€Å"innocent† Caucasian women, Victoria Price and Ruby Bates. Racial discrimination uprises in American judicial system when shown in To Kill a MockingbirdRead MoreExamples of Prejudice in To Kill a Mocking Bird by Harper Lee836 Words   |  3 Pages To Kill A Mockingbird Harper Lee’s book, To Kill A Mockingbird takes place in the difficult times of the Great Depression in the early 1930’s. The novel surrounds the life of a young girl named Scout Finch, along with her brother Jem, and their friend, Dill. Who are forced at a young age to watch the people of their small town of Maycomb not only receive, but also give prejudice to numerous, harmless people. Whether it be Boo Radley, a shut in who falls victim to the town’s gossip, even thoughRead MoreRacism, Sexism And Prejudice By Harper Lee1554 Words   |  7 PagesThe entire world views and is affected by many immoral and cruel behaviours. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird written by Harper Lee, the citizens of Maycomb County are harmed or troubled by vices that are seen throughout the text, such as racism, sexism and prejudice. It is obvious that throughout the work of To Kill a Mockingbird, the vices of racism, sexism and prejudice harm and negatively affect the community an d it’s people. Within the time period in which the novel takes place, women areRead MoreA Sweet And Loving Portrait Of A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1772 Words   |  8 PagesAnalysis Throughout the first half of Mockingbird Harper Lee builds a sweet and loving portrait of growing up in the disappeared world of small town Alabama. Harper Lee, nevertheless, proceeds to undermine her depiction of small town gentility throughout the second half of the book. Lee dismantles the sweet facade to disclose a rotten, rural underside filled with prejudice, ignorance, and social lies. However, no one in Mockingbird is totally evil or good. Every character is human, with human

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why Go to Summer Program Free Essays

Name: Tham Wei Yie Matrics Number: EEE110145 Faculty: Faculty of Economics and Administration There are some of the reasons why I am interested to join for the summer program. Firstly, I can experience a new culture. While on this program, I have a chance to thoroughly experience the culture of the different country. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Go to Summer Program or any similar topic only for you Order Now This occurs through direct application as a result of living with a family native to the region, going to school with true residents of the country, and through various other means. I will find myself completely immersed within a different culture once I have arrived in the foreign countries, due to differences in the cuisine, architecture, familial tradition, and even the ways in which people carry out conversation! After having spent a significant amount of time within the country, I will become accustomed to the culture of foreign country and will find myself essentially able to behave in the manner of a local. This excellent learning opportunity typically leaves me with better understanding for people of all sorts, and can really make me feel as though I have become â€Å"citizens of the world. † After the return to my country, I will likely enjoy sharing my new culture with those around my friends and relatives. In addition to learning of the culture of the foreign country, I will become familiar with the ways of life of people all around the world through meeting other exchange students. This is guaranteed me to be amusing, and very interesting! Secondly, I will learn a new language. This is the opportunity that I have to learn a foreign language as I never had before. Being a student of going off others country is much like becoming a small child once again, and this provides the opportunity to become familiar with the language in the manner of a native speaker and I will become conversationally fluent if on a short term staying in the different environment. A new language will aid me in the future by allowing me to explore new interests, and will likely also help widen my range of future career options. Thirdly, I can meet new friends from all around the world. During the summer program, I will have meetings and trips where I can get to meet other foreign students. . It is so much fun when I am get together with them because we have so much in common. I will also meet tons of native friends in the country and will have a close relationship with the rest of my life. Most summer program are present within multiple countries within the world; as a result, I will typically have the opportunity to meet other exchange students, from a variety of countries! Oftentimes, the program will involve various outings with other exchange students, which are typically quite fun and interesting – it is incredible to see hordes of people from numerous foreign regions interacting with one another, forming friendships and promoting cultural understanding. One of the most challenging things may be ever experience, and it is wonderful to know people who are facing similar challenges during that time. The friendships one creates while on summer program are often very long-lasting – and studded with great memories! Lastly which is most important to me is personal development. I will be confronted with challenges in everyday life that I will have never before experienced. Everything is new, as the student adjusts to life within a foreign place with a completely different language and culture. Although this may seem utterly frightening, the difficulties associated with everyday life in abroad can truly teach me a countless life lessons. Even better, I have a chance to accomplish something very unique for my age – living independently for an extended period of time in a foreign country, without the aid of my natural parents. As a result of homesickness, feelings of alienation, or various other factors, I may occasionally go through times of depression, but these must be ended through when I am taking the initiative to go out and enjoy my amazing new life! Having enjoyed the good and survived the bad components in abroad, I will return to my home country with newfound strength, confidence, and self-understanding. Few other experiences can help me to gain these qualities so early on in life – that is truly the magic of summer program. How to cite Why Go to Summer Program, Essay examples

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Ozone Depletion Is An Environmental Problem That Many People Do Not Ta

Ozone depletion is an environmental problem that many people do not take as seriously as they should. The ozone layer protects animal and plant life from the suns harmful radiation. The depletion of the ozone layer will allow ultraviolet rays to, over time, lead to higher skin cancer rates, eye cataracts, and crop damage. At ground level, ozone, a form of oxygen, is poisonous to humans and other organisms. It causes respiratory problems and damages plants. The greatest concentration of ozone is located in a layer of air called the stratosphere, some 10 to 30 miles above the Earths surface. About 90% of the Earths protective ozone layer resides in this level. The molecule, ozone, is produced in this layer by solar radiation. Before man was destroying the ozone layer, it went through a natural cycle in which ozone was both produced and destroyed in the stratosphere?. The total amount of ozone remained relatively stable. Each natural reduction in ozone levels was followed by recovery. In the past 25 years, however, scientists have discovered that the ozone shield is being depleted by means other than the natural cycle. The problem was first noticed in 1976. Scientists in Antarctica noticed a ten percent drop in ozone levels during the Antarctic spring (September through November). Each year another drop in the ozone level was recorded. The scientists published their data in 1985, reporting that since the 1960s a forty percent loss in ozone had occurred over Antarctica during the spring months. In 1988 it was reported that ozone levels had declined over most other parts of the world, though not as severely as over Antarctica?. There are many causes that contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer. One major one is the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). This chemical is found in many household products all over the world. CFCs are nontoxic, noncorrosive, nonflammable, and unreactive to most substances. Because of this, they were considered safe and widely used in refrigeration, as cleaning solvents in the manufacture of electronic circuits, as foaming agents in the manufacture of Styrofoam and other plastics, and as propellants of aerosol cans. Aerosol hairspray, any foam products, foam cups, any CFC containing chemical, and home insulation are all harmful products to the ozone layer. Once these compounds are released they float into the atmosphere where they are broken down by sunlight. This causes the CFCs to break down into chlorine monoxide. One molecule of chlorine monoxide can destroy over five hundred thousand molecules of ozone?. Approximately two billion pounds of CFCs are manufactured each year , with the United States producing one-third?. If ozone conditions stay the same for the next 50 years or so, the ozone layer will continue to deteriorate; causing less oxygen, hotter temperatures, and an increase in skin cancer?. As a result to decreasing oxygen, humans will have more difficult time breathing, and there will be a major loss in plant life. Some species that use a lot of oxygen to survive will die out causing problems in the food chain. Skin cancer will increase drastically. The ozone layer protects the Earth against dangerous ultra violet rays that cause skin cancer. If the hole in the ozone layer continues to grow, more UV rays will get to the Earth and cause more cancer. According to EPA estimates, if ozone destruction continues at its present rate, there will be an additional 155 million cases of skin cancer and an additional 3.2 million cancer deaths in the United States during the next 100 years?. Prevention for the ozone layer is up to humans. Ozone depletion chemicals should be no longer produced. In 1987, the government responded to this problem by signing an agreement to limit the production of CFCs and other ozone destroying chemicals. However, this particular agreement has phased out over time and is no longer strongly enforced?. If industries would cease production of any ozone depleting chemicals, this would help tremendously. We can individually help this problem in many ways. Repair all leaks in the air conditioner system in your car and home, purchase non-aerosol items, avoid the use of Styrofoam products, choose non-CFC insulation for homes and businesses, carpool with friends to school to help prevent air

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Unnecessary Law essays

Unnecessary Law essays The infamy of 9/11 was a tragic attack that devastated the citizens of The United States. In September of 2001, Islamic terrorist group "al-Qaeda" attacked The World Trade Center in New York, and the Pentagon in Virginia. The cause of the attack was due to the United States support of Israel, the presence of U.S troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq. The World Trade Center was a one-stop shopping center on international trade and business. It was also proof of New York's belief in itself. The building was constructed during the uncertainty of New York's future; the towers boosted the confidence of lower Manhattan from its previous economic hardships. The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. After the vicious attack, the proposal for the Real ID Act, also known as National ID card, was presented. In addition to the multiple identification cards, the government will assign to the citizens National ID card. It will be a combination of one's driver's license, social security card and passport. The purpose of the National ID card is to easily verify the identity and provide concrete proof of one's citizenship. The National ID card is going to minimize long wait at security points in federal buildings but will also cause identity theft once its lost. Picture waking up one day finding out that your National ID card, which has all your information, such as social security number, bank account number and health information, is missing. How would you react? Wouldn't you be scared? The attack of 9/11 inspired the government to create a National ID card to keep the nation safe from future terrorist attacks. National ID card, which was created with positive intention would ultimately, cause more harm than good. For example, if you fail to carry the National ID card, you're most likely to be searched, detained or perhaps even be arrested for being suspected of carrying nuclear bomb, to just bei...

Unnecessary Law essays

Unnecessary Law essays The infamy of 9/11 was a tragic attack that devastated the citizens of The United States. In September of 2001, Islamic terrorist group "al-Qaeda" attacked The World Trade Center in New York, and the Pentagon in Virginia. The cause of the attack was due to the United States support of Israel, the presence of U.S troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq. The World Trade Center was a one-stop shopping center on international trade and business. It was also proof of New York's belief in itself. The building was constructed during the uncertainty of New York's future; the towers boosted the confidence of lower Manhattan from its previous economic hardships. The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. After the vicious attack, the proposal for the Real ID Act, also known as National ID card, was presented. In addition to the multiple identification cards, the government will assign to the citizens National ID card. It will be a combination of one's driver's license, social security card and passport. The purpose of the National ID card is to easily verify the identity and provide concrete proof of one's citizenship. The National ID card is going to minimize long wait at security points in federal buildings but will also cause identity theft once its lost. Picture waking up one day finding out that your National ID card, which has all your information, such as social security number, bank account number and health information, is missing. How would you react? Wouldn't you be scared? The attack of 9/11 inspired the government to create a National ID card to keep the nation safe from future terrorist attacks. National ID card, which was created with positive intention would ultimately, cause more harm than good. For example, if you fail to carry the National ID card, you're most likely to be searched, detained or perhaps even be arrested for being suspected of carrying nuclear bomb, to just bei...

Unnecessary Law essays

Unnecessary Law essays The infamy of 9/11 was a tragic attack that devastated the citizens of The United States. In September of 2001, Islamic terrorist group "al-Qaeda" attacked The World Trade Center in New York, and the Pentagon in Virginia. The cause of the attack was due to the United States support of Israel, the presence of U.S troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq. The World Trade Center was a one-stop shopping center on international trade and business. It was also proof of New York's belief in itself. The building was constructed during the uncertainty of New York's future; the towers boosted the confidence of lower Manhattan from its previous economic hardships. The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. After the vicious attack, the proposal for the Real ID Act, also known as National ID card, was presented. In addition to the multiple identification cards, the government will assign to the citizens National ID card. It will be a combination of one's driver's license, social security card and passport. The purpose of the National ID card is to easily verify the identity and provide concrete proof of one's citizenship. The National ID card is going to minimize long wait at security points in federal buildings but will also cause identity theft once its lost. Picture waking up one day finding out that your National ID card, which has all your information, such as social security number, bank account number and health information, is missing. How would you react? Wouldn't you be scared? The attack of 9/11 inspired the government to create a National ID card to keep the nation safe from future terrorist attacks. National ID card, which was created with positive intention would ultimately, cause more harm than good. For example, if you fail to carry the National ID card, you're most likely to be searched, detained or perhaps even be arrested for being suspected of carrying nuclear bomb, to just bei...

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Charlemagne Study Guide - Important Facts

Charlemagne Study Guide - Important Facts BiographyTimelinePeople Birth and Family: Charlemagnes parents were Pippin III and Bertrada, who wed in 744.His traditional date of birth (742) makes him illegitimate. Most scholars agree he was born after his parents married, possibly as late as 747.Charlemagne married five times and had numerous concubines and children. He kept his family around him nearly always, sometimes bringing his sons with him on campaigns.Only one legitimate son, Louis, survived him to inherit the empire. Campaigns, Conquests Expansion: Charlemagnes methods could be extreme, but the end result was the largest territory to be governed under one ruler in Europe in the Middle Ages. (See map.) Avars: 791-796The Avars had once controlled a small empire near present-day Belgrade. Charlemagne virtually eliminated their society, the remains of which would succumb to the Bulgars in the 9th century.Bavaria: 788When Duke Tassilo reneged on his oath of fealty, the king removed him from power and put Bavaria under his jurisdiction. This brought the territory of all the Germanic tribes into one political unit.Lombardy: 771-774Answering the call for help of Pope Adrian I, who was pressured by the Lombard king to anoint Carlomans sons as Frankish kings, Charlemagne launched a campaign that included an extended siege of Pavia, Lombardys capital. Saxons: 772-804The war against the Saxons, though interrupted by truces, pledges of allegiance and mass baptisms, was particularly bloody and included the execution of 4,500 Saxon prisoners in one day. In all, Charles engaged the Saxons 18 times.Spain: 778Charlemagnes most serious defeat took place when he failed to take Saragossa, retreated across the Pyrenees, and was ambushed by Basques. The death of one of his lords would later be memorialized in the epic poem, The Song of Roland. Administration: Charles generally delegated authority as follows: Comtes (Counts) ruled regions within the stable territory of FranciaMargraves governed newly-acquired territories (marches), where military measures were necessary to maintain orderBoth comtes and margraves reported to Dukes, governors of the larger divisions of land who were Charlemagnes close relatives and most trusted friendsMissi dominici acted as his emissaries and inspectors general, traveling throughout the empire Cultural Impact: Charlemagnes patronage of learning would result in: A Carolingian Renaissance in which art and literature would flourishThe preservation of numerous Latin manuscripts that would otherwise have been lostThe establishment of a good number of monastic schoolsThe creation of Carolingian Miniscule, an alternative to the capital letters used in Latin text Charlemagnes Legacy: Although the empire Charles built did not long outlast his death, still his consolidation of territory was an important stage in the growth of Europe. In addition, many of the changes and developments made by Charles himself, or fostered due to his patronage, would endure long beyond the Carolingian Empire. The offices created or adapted by Charlemagne would persist for centuries in the variations of counts, dukes and marquises across Europe and Britain.Charlemagne reorganized the monetary system, devising the system of pounds, shillings and pence used throughout Europe in the middle ages and in Britain until the 1970s.The monastic schools Charlemagne developed would preserve a tradition of learning, which in turn made an important burst of medieval scholarship possible in what became known as the 12th-century Renaissance.90% of the works of ancient Rome now in existence are preserved in the form of eighth- and ninth-century manuscripts copied in Carolingian monasteries.The Carolingian miniscule script would eventually become the lower-case letters we use today.The Song of Roland, inspired by events that took place in Charlemagnes worst defeat, is the earliest known chanson de geste. It is part of a cycle of works that revolve around Charlemagne, about whom many legends sprang up. These legends, known as the matter of France, would influence French and European literature through the centuries to today. Charles had a palace and a cathedral built in his favorite town, Aachen (or Aix-la-Chapelle), where he also died and was buried. Aachen became the location of the coronation of every emperor until the 16th century.The Carolingian Empire would inspire a tenth-century ruler, Otto the Great, to consolidate his territory in what came to be known as the Holy Roman Empire. Covering much of what Charles had controlled during his lifetime, the Holy Roman Empire was one of the most significant political entities of the Middle Ages. Charlemagne Study Guide BiographyTimelinePeople

Monday, February 17, 2020

Personalization in Adult Social Care Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words

Personalization in Adult Social Care - Essay Example This paper shall also reflect on the skills needed in the personalization of social work skills, including the laws applicable in practice and for the service user. Finally, this paper shall consider what theorists say about the personalization of social work practice. These points shall be discussed in the hope of coming up with a clear and academic understanding of the subject matter. In a general sense, personalization can be defined as â€Å"tailoring pages to individual users’ characteristics or preferences† (Search CRM, 2001). In these cases, personalization is about the client or about the person and about meeting his specific needs not based on generally applicable practices. Social work practice has traditionally been based on what a person needs as assessed by social workers and other people involved in the social works services. After such assessment is conducted, the social workers would now tell the clients what services and type of support they would recei ve, who from, where, and when (Squibb, 2009, p. 1). Personalisation in the social work context and based on the personalization agenda now refers to a change in the system where a person needing social care and support would get to decide the type of support he will receive, who from, where, and when (Squibb, 2009, p. 1). It is also referred to as self-directed support. It is not the social workers who will get to decide what services a person would need, but it is the client himself who would choose and fashion such services to suit his life and his needs. Personalisation â€Å"enables the individual alone, or in groups, to find the right solutions for them and to participate in the delivery of service. From being a recipient of services, citizens can become actively involved in selecting and shaping the services they receive†.

Monday, February 3, 2020

Describe an incident or situation that has occured during your student Essay

Describe an incident or situation that has occured during your student practice and discuss a related professional issue - Essay Example So I asked her, in a discreet manner what was wrong. She explained that she was embarrassed so I wheeled her back into her room and fed her in there. If this lady had been asked where she would like to eat, her choice would have been to stay in her room and eat where she felt her dignity would have been maintained. If I had not of spoken to her she would rather chose not to eat, or other patients, having no intentions, will invade her privacy and see her feed. As a nurse, it is vital that a patient’s dignity is respected at all times. By preserving dignity, a nurse can also preserve the integrity of the patient. In this scenario, it is clear that a violation in privacy and person’s dignity occurred through humiliation, embarrassment, not respecting patient’s autonomy regarding preferred feeding, and depersonalization (Watson, 2008, p. 133). Healthcare delivery in the contemporary era focuses on being patient centered, risk managed, quality assured and cost effective (Mallik, 2009, p. 14). Accountability has grown increase importance in delivering quality health care by expanding the responsibility of caring and accountability to a health team instead of individuals. Accountability is defined as being accountable of your actions by explaining and justifying why and what you did. It involves assessment of the best interests for patients, knowledge and judgment in decision-making, and explanation to defend course of action (Walsh, p. 89). Since accountability promotes the best interests of the patients, it is essential that nurses respect privacy, which is one basic right of human dignity. Privacy is a major factor considered in caring. Among of the privacy concerns of patients are depersonalization and intimate questions, hospital procedures, and treatments (Watson, 2008, p. 133). Privacy was linked to preservation of human dignity and maintenance of integrity and hence is considered as an essential health need

Sunday, January 26, 2020

Importance Of A Teaching Philosophy Education Essay

Importance Of A Teaching Philosophy Education Essay Alhamdulillah, my teaching experience began when I was still a student in secondary school. The recess and breaks were the occasions for me to involve myself in the teaching process. This continued at home whereby I used to get phone calls from my friends to explain about a particular topic from subjects like mathematics, physics and chemistry. After graduating from college, I worked for six months as teacher in a private secondary school in my locality before engaging myself into tertiary studies. Hence, I could say that working as a teacher after my graduation from university is something I would consider as normal. Actually, I am in my fifth year as an educator and Alhamdulillah, I had the experience of working in three different schools with students, both boys and girls, from different socio-cultural backgrounds. In the following chapters, I would like to share my teaching philosophy. But first, the importance of developing ones teaching philosophy will be discussed. Chapter Two Importance of a Teaching Philosophy A teaching philosophy statement is a systematic and critical rationale that focuses on the important components defining effective teaching and learning in a particular discipline and/or institutional context (Schonwetter et all, 2002, p.84). According to Campos (2010, p.2), it states our learning experiences, goals, beliefs, level of professionalism and self-development among many other elements. As for Natasha Kenny (2008, p.8), an educational developer at the University of Guelph, a teaching philosophy statement clearly and logically communicates what your fundamental values and beliefs are about teaching and learning, why you hold these values and beliefs, and how you translate these values and beliefs into your everyday teaching and learning experiences. Regarding the importance of developing a teaching philosophy, Coppola (2002, p.450) states that the teaching statement gives you a starting point for examining your teaching practices, allows you to share your ideas with others, and allows you to monitor the progress of your own development as a teacher. Brookfield (1990) identified four different purposes in developing a teaching philosophy. These purposes are: Personal purpose; it is good that your teaching philosophy reflects why you are doing what you are doing. Political purpose; your teaching philosophy needs to show that your position is grounded in a well-developed and carefully philosophy of practice. This helps you to gain respect, which is important to grow yourself in the political area. Professional purpose; your teaching philosophy needs to show your professional goals to develop an identity that will help you to improve the development of professional strengths among other teachers. Pedagogical purpose; teaching is about growing and finding new ways to develop your lessons according to the learners needs, so your teaching philosophy should show what effect you are having on students and on their learning? Chapter Three My Teaching Philosophy 3.1 Teaching in General Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift rather than a hard duty Albert Einstein Alhamdulillah, since I began teaching, I had the occasion to teach different subjects, besides Mathematics, like English Literature, Computer Studies and Integrated Science to students with a broad range of needs, knowledge, and cultural backgrounds. Apart from working as educator in colleges, I also try to help my friends and others outside school. Moreover, I used to give a special course on Tajweed to my brothers of the Islamic faith in the mosque. I once had the opportunity to teach a friend who was undertaking his undergraduate degree in Mathematics and he was older than me. Several important general principles that I try to use in my teaching practice can be formulated as follows: No matter how experienced a teacher is, every new class and every new student pose a challenge. For excellence in teaching, there is always room for improvement. A teacher has to appeal to different learning styles, to offer a variety of instructional experiences, and to keep an open mind to new teaching techniques to give every student the opportunity to participate fully and actively in the learning process. Being a successful teacher depends on creating a learning environment with the open exploration of ideas, a relationship in which students feel respected as well as challenged. Students should be encouraged to stretch themselves a bit beyond their level of comfort and be given an opportunity to leave every class feeling that they have overcome a new challenge successfully. Teaching should be an integral component of the creation of new knowledge, an initial step toward continuing education, and first of all, self-education. Though student satisfaction is important for better learning, teaching especially in mathematics should not become a popularity contest, or a show. A teacher is responsible to the society in general, and should resist the pressure of lowering academic standards in education. 3.2 Teaching of Mathematics We could use up two Eternities in learning all that is to be learned about our own world and the thousands of nations that have arisen and flourished and vanished from it.   Mathematics alone would occupy me eight million years Mark Twain Mathematics is like draughts [checkers] in being suitable for the young, not too difficult, amusing, and without peril to the state Plato Being a mathematics teacher as well as a lover of the subject, there are some features of mathematics that makes it a very special discipline. To name a few: Mathematics is an excellent intellectual game where all the players win. Mathematics is also a model that can be used for developing independent and critical thinking. Mathematics can be seen as a language that allows us to communicate ideas precisely between ourselves. Lastly, mathematics is a tool used in natural sciences and, thus, a required discipline for many students. The above statements alone motivate me to share my mathematical knowledge, among others, to my students. However, my goals for teaching mathematics are many. Firstly, communicate to my students that mathematics is a fun and improve their confidence about mathematics as well as reducing their anxiety about mathematics. Other goals are: Detect and fill gaps in students prior math knowledge Develop a mathematical sense about quantities, geometry, and symbols Develop a variety of problem-solving strategies and basic computational skills Enable and empower students Enable students to make judgments based on quantitative information, to prove basic results, to read mathematics effectively and to understand their own thought processes Encourage a broader interest in mathematics Ensure that students really understand concepts Establish constructive student attitudes about mathematics Facilitate acquisition of life-long learning skills Foster a desire to ask mathematics questions, critical thinking, student discovery of mathematics and foster understanding of the proofs of key theorems Teach the beauty of mathematics Help students learn the key theorems and their applications Improve students understanding of technology Improve students writing abilities Increase the number of mathematics majors as well as the students mathematical knowledge Model expert problem-solving Motivate students to make an effort to learn mathematics Open the doors to other opportunities for students Prepare future mathematicians, students for technical careers and students to be knowledgeable adults Teach applications to other fields; especially for abstract subjects like vectors whereby students often ask the question: where will vectors used us in our life? Teach calculator and computer skills, fundamental concepts, generalizing, logical reasoning, mathematical writing, predicting, problem-solving and proof-reading of mathematics Teach students how to translate back and forth between words and mathematics Teach students to work collaboratively It is, unfortunately, very difficult to try to show the real beauty of mathematics in the framework of most existing curricula as they are designed to feed students with often more facts than anyone could swallow. Just covering the required material usually takes a bit more time than is available. Another problem is that mathematics as a language can be quite technical, and to formulate something meaningful, one has to spend years learning rules of the mathematical grammar first. I consider mathematics to be a challenging subject to teach, which makes it especially attractive for me. I try to use every possibility to expose students to the exciting world of mathematics, often implicitly, so they may not even notice it at first. I think that students participation is crucial for learning mathematics. 3.3 Teaching Styles and Methods My mathematics classroom features multiple of methods of instruction that depends on: the subject matter of the lesson, that is, the topic to be taught and my experience with how individual students and classes best learn mathematics. On some occasions, the student-centred approach or whole-class discussions are undertaken while on other occasions, small-group investigations are carried out and still others see individuals working one-on-one with another student or with me. This classroom interaction helps build relationships between my students and I and simultaneously, among the students themselves. These various classroom practices help address the varied learning styles found in the mathematics classroom. Furthermore, I prepare my classes meticulously, but I like to improvise whenever possible. I dislike being interrupted during my explanation but I love it when the students ask questions afterwards; and I congratulate them for any good questions and comments. I open each session with a brief reminder of the previous sessions material and an outline of the days topic, and I typically conclude with a summary of key points. There is a special session for review before every major test. I usually speak clearly, loudly, and slowly, but enthusiastically. Students are encouraged to learn from each other as their grades are not curved, thus, students are not competing with their classmates. In some classes, especially my Integrated Science classes, I give group projects and homework, depending on the topic being covered. When possible, I distribute solutions to homework problems, quizzes, and tests. To reduce students anxiety about tests, I normally give my students revision exercises before any major test and I encourage them to work extra problems on their own and come to see me for any problems. I do not consider memorization to be the most important in mathematics classes; this is why I make and encourage my students a lot to practice maximum number of problems. If the curriculum would have allowed it, I would make all my tests open-book/notes. Assignments and projects are naturally integrated into my courses. I spend time explaining the assignments and solving similar problems in class for further discussion. 3.4 Use of Technology I remember that once I was in a meeting with my above seventy year old rector and he told me: In my time, when we had to do a mathematical calculation, we used the logarithm table and he asked me whether I knew how to use the logarithm table! Alhamdulillah, today we have the electronic calculator. This little piece of technology is the only electronic device that our students can use in their studies as the different curricula do not cater for the use of other electronic devices in the examination room. I would have loved to see a change in these curricula which would enable more the use of technology in the learning of mathematics. Personally, I am a great fan of the newest educational software that may be used in the teaching and learning process. At present, to use mathematical software at college would appear unrealistic but I hope to find a change soon in the curricula which will make it real. However, students first need to understand that technology is a tool, much like a comp ass or a protractor, and that technology must be used only as a tool. Central to my use of technology in the classroom is the idea that students must understand what they are doing mathematically even when they use technology as an aid. As mentioned earlier, the most ubiquitous piece of technology in and out of the classroom is the electronic calculator. While the calculator can be a useful tool to lessen the drudgery of calculations, it is important for students to be able to function without it. This does not mean that calculators should not be used, but rather that students should have some intuition about whether an answer is reasonable. The use of calculators and other technology can improve a students intuition of mathematics and mathematical reasoning. While most exercises in a statistics class have relatively small data sets, using premade data sets and computer programs allows students to gain real experience with professional tools and helps them visualize trends. The use of computer software with prepared examples is very useful for in-class visualizations in different courses, such as differential equations, calculus, and even pre-calculus. While doing the assignment for the module Instructional Technolo gy for my Bed Course, I came across software called Yenka which provides simulations. I really appreciated the part on probability where while explaining the different outcomes when tossing two coins, there a simulation actually tossing the two coins. I hope, insha Allah, to use it when I explaining this topic t my students in the near future. With the advent of tablet PCs, I am hopeful, insha Allah, that it is only a matter of time before the use of mathematical software and online examination at secondary level will be implemented. But, at the same time, I strongly oppose the abuse of technology. There are courses in mathematics, where students need to learn how to use their brain rather than calculators/computers. In my short experience in teaching, I came across an HSc (Higher School Certificate) student doing the simple arithmetic problem using a calculator!!! 3.5 My Best Personal Achievement Facilitate things to people and do not make it hard for themà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessing of God Almighty be upon Him) I sincerely believe that the best academic performance of a student is not to see the high-flyer student being ranked first at the end of the year but rather to see the low-achiever student able to answer almost all questions of the same exam paper correctly at the end of the year and have a very good result, regardless of his/her overall rank. At my school, the concept of streaming is applied to separate the best students, often labeled as the high-flyers, and those less able students, often labeled as low-achiever students (some proponents of the Marxist view will disagree totally with this concept). Last year, I had the opportunity to work with the less able students of Form I and Form II, teaching Integrated Science. Alhamdulillah, I was motivated but I could that a lot of these students lack motivation. Furthermore, some of them came from poor socio-background and some came from broken families. There was even a child who repeated Form I! So, at first it seems very difficult to expect that half of them would understand the different topics even more so that they would pass their final year exam. After all, we are talking about Science which supposedly is a subject for the intelligent students. I figured out that I should use a different approach with them. Finally, I opted for the Learning by Fun concept. It required much more energy from me but Alhamdulillah, I do not regret for one second all the energy used that year when working with these students as the reason is obvious; almost all pupils not only passed the final year examination but they actually obtained very good results Masha Allah. The icing on the cake was when the head of the science department informed me that the rector was very pleased with the result. 3.6 Concluding Notes I believe that each child is a unique individual who needs a secure, caring, and stimulating atmosphere in which to grow and mature emotionally, intellectually, physically, and socially. It is my desire as an educator to help students meet their fullest potential in these areas by providing an environment that is safe, supports risk-taking, and invites a sharing of ideas. There are three essential elements that I believe are conducive to establishing such an environment, the teacher acting as a guide, allowing the childs natural curiosity to direct his/her learning, and promoting respect for all things and all people. When the teachers role is to guide, providing access to information rather than acting as the primary source of information, the students search for knowledge is met as they learn to find answers to their questions. For students to construct knowledge, they need the opportunity to discover for themselves and practice skills in authentic situations. Providing students access to hands-on activities and allowing adequate time and space to use materials that reinforce the lesson being studied creates an opportunity for individual discovery and construction of knowledge to occur. Equally important to self-discovery is having the opportunity to study things that are meaningful and relevant to ones life and interests. Developing a curriculum around student interests fosters intrinsic motivation and stimulates the passion to learn. Helping students to develop a deep love and respect for themselves, others, and their environment occurs through an open sharing of ideas and a judicious approach to discipline. When the voice of each student is heard, and environment evolves where students feel free to express themselves. Class meetings are one way to encourage such dialogue. I believe children have greater respect for their teachers, their peers, and the lessons presented when they feel safe and sure of what is expected of them. In setting fair and consistent rules initially and stating the importance of every activity, students are shown respect for their presence and time. In turn they learn to respect themselves, others, and their environment. For me, teaching provides an opportunity for continual learning and growth. One of my hopes as an educator is to instill a love of learning in my students, as I share my own passion for learning with them. I feel there is a need for compassionate, strong, and dedicated individuals who are excited about working with children. In our competitive society it is important for students to not only receive a solid education, but to work with someone who is aware of and sensitive to their individual needs. Alhamdulillah, I am such a person and will always strive to be the best educator that I can be.

Friday, January 17, 2020

Regulate Irresponsible Cell Phone Users on the Road

The U. S constitution should pass a federal law to ban cell phone use on any moving vehicles. The law should include all 50 states. We get irritated when we are in certain places such as a library, movie theater or a concert when a person is talking or texting on his/her cell phone. But at least our lives are not in danger of extinction. When we are driving on the streets or the highways, however, drivers using their cell phones behind the wheels are more than irritating. These foolish cell phone users are putting our lives at risk.I have witnessed drivers so distracted by texting, chatting or updating their Facebook profiles that they resemble drunk drivers, merging between lanes or nearly driving into pedestrians in the crosswalks. These motorists are not convincing they are dangerous because the governments are not interfering with their careless behaviors. Only a few states are taking action to fines these drivers who are ignoring these safety warnings. For example, New York was the first state to ban motorists from using their cell phone while driving.In the state of New York, drivers that are found guilty of talking or texting behind the wheel, they will automatic fine a $150 violation fees and penalty of two points under the distracted driving handheld law. Many countries and cities in Europe are banning cell phones while driving and are persecuting drivers who are violating the cell phone laws. Some legislators introduce a number of bills to regulate these foolish drivers; apparently, those bills were rejected because most lawmakers do not think it is required.For example, Gary Biller the president of National Motorist Association (NMA) claimed the laws banning cell phone use while driving is not necessary. According to the NMA, talking and texting while driving are already covered by existing distracted-driving laws. It would be more productive, he said, to invest resources in campaigns that discourage careless driving in general. Mr. Biller quoted tha t drivers could easily become distracted by other actions such as having a conversation with their passengers, changing the radio stations, eating or applying make-up.Regulations on cell phone use while driving needed, because technologies are advancing, and more people are becoming more obsessed with their cell phone every five minutes in a day. Seemingly, 80% of people who live in the US have a cell phone and more people owning cell phones are expecting to grow in the future due to the arising of Smartphone’s. Drivers who are using their cell phone while driving are becoming more dangerous, and the laws on negligent and distracted driving are not sufficient to punish those offenders.None of us can disagree with that cell phone users on the road have caused traffic deaths and accidents. New studies verify drivers that are texting while behind the wheel, their reactions are the same as drivers behind the wheel intoxicated at the legal blood-alcohol limit. Insurance companies and researchers suggest that using cell phone while driving is dangerous. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that three thousands fatal traffic accidents nationwide that occurred last year were caused by distracted drivers and 70% of those polled were phoning.A survey published by State Farm Insurance, states that using a cell phone while driving delays reaction time the same amount as having a blood alcohol concentration of 0. 08 the legal limit. In 2006, a Utah psychologist did a study and confirms that driving while on the phone is as impaired as drunken driver. By comparing these two types of motorist, here are the psychology results: â€Å"We found that people are as impaired when they drive and talk on a cell phone as they are when they drive intoxicated at the legal blood-alcohol limit† of 0. 8 percent, which is the minimum level that defines illegal drunken driving in most U. S. states, says study co-author Frank Drews, an assistant professor of psychology. â€Å"If legislators really want to address driver distraction, then they should consider outlawing cell phone use while driving. † The report first gained lawmakers attention, but they later compared it with distracted drivers. Nevertheless, the comparison with drunk driving is very serious and lawmakers should look deeper into creating a federal law to prohibit drivers from using their cell phone while on the road.If past studies have demonstrated that using a cell phone while driving is as risky as driving intoxicated. Therefore, law makers should focus to have every states keep a record on fatal accident involving cell phone, based on the statistics—they should pass a federal law on whether a driver should allow to use cell phone while driving or not. Many researchers report the dangers of driving while on the cell phone. Sadly, some lawmakers argued that the states which create those traffic laws to regulate cell phone while driving use are unnecessary .Harvard Center Risk Analysis performed a research in 2002 on how many fatal accidents were results each year due to cell phones usage while driving on the road. They have calculated 2,600 people die each year in car accident due to using their cell phones while driving. I could use myself as an example; I work for TracFone Wireless which is a prepaid cell phone company—where I release information on customers such as call detail records and subscriber information when served a subpoena by third parties.I have come across subpoenas from the deceased family members where the family’s attorney requests cell usage to compare the time of the collision with the phone records. In addition, one day I received a subpoena from a deceased’s family attorney requesting a call record on one of our customers. Although, I have received numerous requests similar to this one, on this particular request, the attorney was more detailed in the subpoena which gets me more aggravated when I see drivers on their cell phones behind the wheel.He requested the call details record to confirm the time the accident occurred that the accused driver was on the phone. The attorney reports that the customer ran a red light at 50 mph broadsided his client vehicle and killed him instantly. From that day forward, I would think twice before I use my cell phone while driving. Furthermore, in 2010 a British news-paper reported a teenager girl who killed a grandmother while she was reading an incoming text message. The police stated that the victim receive the incoming text seconds before the collision.Since mobile phones are becoming more technology advancing which are creating obsessions among many young adults. Legislators should pass a federal law on a national level to restrict use of cell phones while behind the wheel. Moreover, cell phone use on moving vehicles should be enforcing as a primary law in all the 50 states. It will make more sense if the law is not legislated in a state level. As of November 2, 2012, only 10 states restrict motorists from using their cell phones, and 32 states banned school bus drivers from using cell phones behind the wheel.Because researchers and scientist have made public awareness and confirm the dangers of using cell phones while driving. Legislators should focus on drafting a nationwide federal law to enforce hands-free cell phones on all motorists while behind the wheels. It is not fair; the law to ban cell phones is only made available on a few states. If cell phone uses on any moving vehicle are regulating, people will feel safer on the road and it will eliminating unnecessary car accidents. The time has come for the federal governments to adopt legislation to ban the use of cell phone while driving.

Thursday, January 9, 2020

Nature In Romanticism Period - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 1 Words: 435 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/06/24 Category Art Essay Level High school Topics: Romanticism Essay Did you like this example? When many people here about Romanticism or this Romantic literary period, they think about love and happy ever after, but that is not what it is mainly about. There of course is some love, but mainly it is about reasoning, heroism, individuality, nature and many more ideals. The romantics were very much in love with Nature especially. In fact, there was an essay about nature incorporating American Romanticism written by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ralph Emersonrs essay, Nature, incorporates many of these themes of Romanticism and even transcendentalism. The three main themes shown in this essay are power of intuition, individualism, and spirituality. Initially, Emerson describing the theme of individualism by stating that, To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society(CH.1). Emerson was supporting this theme by describing true solitude as going out into nature and leaving behind things that will distract you. He encouraged his readers to follow their own will and voice instead of conforming to social expectations. Also to be completely honest with themselves and with others. Aware of his connection with nature, Emerson feels he becomes more aware of his own individuality and the better side of him, very much like how a romantic would with nature as well. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Nature In Romanticism Period" essay for you Create order Another theme of Romanticism used was imagination, language and spirituality. The whole body of this essay symbolizes spirituality and believes we need to see nature as the way children see it, in awe. Adults will not achieve this until their inner and outer senses are balanced. He describes that we use nature for medicinal purposes, spiritual elements, and intellectual properties. He supported the use of imagination by stating that we should see theworld not how it is, but through our own personal, spiritual feelings. He believed that everything in the universe is linked to one another and everyone should see everything as whole and what nature has to offer. By using colorful language and very descriptive imagery, he illustrates the effect nature has on the soul, supporting his belief that man and nature have a special relationship and can form harmony when everything is balanced out. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Nature never becomes a toy to a wise spirit.(24-28.) In this quote here, according to Emerson, a smart person always sees the beauty in nature no matter what and is always in awe, but they never adapt or get used to naturers beauty, nor do they abuse it. They just seek spiritual understanding from it and respects it.

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

How Public Relations Programs Work - 840 Words

Everyone has a job to do and should be accounted for their position and what it details. Superintendents, Managers, Supervisors, and Principals have to learn how to delegate every employee their job responsibilities. Administering what is need to be done in the school and what teams are appointed to be in charge. Administrators have to be reminded that the taxpayers are the one that help keep the school running. Parents are the first people to speak up about how the school should run. Communication is the key to how public relations programs work well with different schools, school staff, the community, and stakeholders. Communication is a tool that helps to deliver information to certain places, people, devices, and one another. The Board of Education must understand that everyone has a place in the schools. Administration will keep an open door policy to discuss different situations that is going on in the school to make sure the school runs well. Every school board needs to adhere to the public opinions and the community. Each school should have a policy with procedures in place to fit the school program. The administrative team can consist of many different positions such as Dean of school, Assistant Principal, Behavior specialists and Staff Associate. Each school administrative team is totally different from other schools. But each school has an administrative team. Every administrator position can consist of delegated responsibilities like, provideShow MoreRelatedSocial Media And Public Relations1683 Words   |  7 Pagesmisunderstood profession: Public Relations. It is for both those wanting a career in PR as much as those just curious about a subject that they have often heard about, but never really understood. 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